Er is een nieuwe PISA in Focus met als onderwerp meisjes en STEM. Wat valt op?
- Boys outperform girls in science in 22 PISA-participating countries, and girls outperform boys in 19. However, boys have a relative strength in science in 65 out of the 67 participating countries, meaning that they score higher in science than their average performance across all three main PISA subjects.
- Boys show greater confidence when learning science (in 39 countries) and greater interest in broad science topics (in 51 countries) than girls do.
- The differences in favour of boys in relative academic strength, in confidence and interest in science are associated with lower graduation rates among women in STEM fields.
Met als conclusie:
The study by Stoet and Geary (2018) suggests that students may be influenced in their career choices by their understanding of their relative academic strengths as well as their confidence and interest in science. Unlike many high- performing boys, many high-performing girls may not pursue a career in science, even if they are capable of succeeding in it, because they are likely to be top of the class in non-science subjects too. This means that tackling boys’ underperformance in reading may be just as important to ensure greater representation of women in science careers as supporting girls’ performance in and attitudes towards STEM subjects.